The Society for Creative Anachronism in Berkeley, California has been attributed to founding creative historygames, which involve historical re-enactments.
As a living history group, the California society focused on recreating Medieval European cultural events which occurred prior to the 17th century.
Dungeons & Dragons
TSR released the first commercially available RPG, Dungeons & Dragons that deviated from traditional war gaming by assigning each player a specific character which embarks on an imaginary adventure in a fantasy setting.
Competitors that tried to cash in on this insanely popular game included Tunnels and Trolls, with other early semi-successes including Traveller, RuneQuest and Chivalry & Sorcery.
Role-playing games based on characteristics and skill systems boomed in the 1980s, with the James Bond franchise entering the industry by releasing a spy-fiction role-playing game, James Bond 007: Role-Playing in Her Majesty’s Secret Service in partnership with Victory Games.
Sadly, no deadly gadgets were included in the playing pack.